Acne occurs when a hair follicle (pore) becomes clogged with oil, bacteria or dirt, and creates a bulge in a child’s skin.
The body has sebaceous glands that produce oil to keep the skin from drying out. Acne occurs when the glands create too much oil and clog the hair follicles (spots on the skin where hair grows out). Follicles are also commonly called pores. Once clogged, bacteria can grow, which creates a bulge in a child’s skin. Bacteria and dirt can also clog the pores.
Acne usually develops on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders, as this is where the largest number of oil glands are located. It’s one of the most common skin conditions.
While the cause is still unknown, acne has been associated with the following:
Acne can develop in infants (birth to 1 year**) as early as 6 weeks old and can last for 6 to 12 months. It’s also more common in boys. Acne can also develop during puberty and last throughout the adult years.