Orthodontics is the field of dentistry that deals with irregularities in teeth. Orthodontic intervention usually relies on appliances such as braces to straighten teeth, close gaps or improve bite. Orthodontic treatment in young children can help permanent teeth come in precisely.
There are many reasons children need orthodontic care. When children lose their baby teeth, their permanent teeth don't always come in straight. Reasons may include:
Braces are the most common treatment option for kids. They are "permanent" in that your child will usually need to wear them for 6 months to between 2 and 3 years. Braces work by exerting steady pressure to change the position of your child's teeth. They will need periodic adjustments by an orthodontist using wires, springs or rubber bands and timing. We offer lightweight metal braces that either go around each tooth or are adhered to the front of the teeth.
To devise a treatment plan, the orthodontist may use X-rays, photographs and an impression (made from a soft substance that hardens) to make a model of your child's teeth.