Pediatric Vitamin B-1 Deficiency (Thiamine)
A child who doesn’t get enough of vitamin B-1 in their diet will likely develop a vitamin B-1 deficiency.
Vitamin B-1 (also known as thiamine) is used by tissues throughout the body. This vitamin helps turn the foods a child eats into energy and is critical to your health. Vitamin B-1 deficiency is rare in the United States today.
When a child doesn’t get enough of this important vitamin from foods or supplements, deficiency can occur. Certain conditions or situations can make a child more susceptible to having a vitamin B-1 deficiency, such as:
- Crohn’s disease
- Taking loop diuretics for congestive heart failure
- Undergoing dialysis for kidney failure
Not getting enough vitamin B-1 can lead to a variety of serious problems with the body’s major systems. Signs and symptoms include:
- Abnormal eye movements
- Cognitive (thinking) problems
- Decreased alertness
- Difficulty breathing
- Heart problems
- Problems with memory
- Problems with muscle coordination
- Visual impairment