Ewing’s sarcoma is cancer that begins in bone or soft tissues. Though it makes up only 1% of all childhood cancers, Ewing’s sarcoma is the second most commonly diagnosed bone cancer in children.
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Osteosarcoma is a tumor that forms in osteoblasts, or cells that become new bone tissue. It is the most common bone cancer in children and teenagers.
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare childhood cancer of the soft tissue that typically begins in the muscle. Most children diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma are newborn to 14 years old, but a percentage of cases are diagnosed in adolescents and young adults between 15 and 19 years old.
Some soft tissue tumors are categorized as non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas. This group makes up approximately 4% of all childhood cancers. These tumors are classified by the specific body parts they affect, and the cells differ in each type. The most common are blood vessel tumors, bone and cartilage tumors, connective tissue tumors, fat tissue tumors, nerve tumors and skin tumors.
Learn more about how we use minimally invasive procedures to treat benign bone tumors and cysts in children at Children's Health.
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