Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is usually caused by damage to the brain before birth.
Cerebral palsy results from damage to the immature, developing brain, usually before birth. People with this condition have trouble controlling movements and muscles. The signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy usually appear during infancy* (birth to 1 one year) or preschool years** (age 2 to 5).
People with this condition exhibit a wide range of function in everyday life. Some people with cerebral palsy can walk, while others cannot. Others have normal mental function, while some have intellectual disabilities.
Children with cerebral palsy may experience movement and coordination problems, as well as other neurological problems.
There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but supportive treatments, such as physical therapy, speech- language therapy, and special education services, in addition to medication, and surgery can help improve symptoms for many people with CP.
More information is available through the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.