Pediatric Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)

Pediatric Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)

Pediatric Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)

Parvovirus B19 causes the mild rash illness known as fifth disease.

What is Pediatric Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)?

If a child comes into contact with parvovirus B19, they may develop fifth disease. Fifth disease is a mild rash illness that is more common in children than it is in adults. In most cases, a child who encounters the virus usually gets sick within four to 14 days. It is named fifth as it was the fifth in a list of common rashes in children.

Though most children who contract this virus recover fairly easily, sometimes there are lingering effects. Some children with fifth disease – especially those with a weakened immune system – may develop anemia, which requires medical treatment.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)?

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Pain and swelling in the joints
  • Rash – especially a red rash on the face
  • Runny nose

What are the causes of Pediatric Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)?

Parvovirus B19 is spread through contact with the saliva of an infected person. This means a child can contract the virus by being in close proximity to someone with the infection who sneezes or coughs.