Pediatric Epstein-Barr Virus (Herpesvirus 4)

Pediatric Epstein-Barr Virus (Herpesvirus 4)

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Summary

Epstein-Barr virus is one of the most common viruses worldwide and can lead to various other illnesses.

Expanded overview

Epstein-Barr virus (also known as herpesvirus 4) is very common. Most people become infected with Epstein-Barr virus at some point in their lives – and many will never know they have it. This is because the virus can remain dormant in the body, but can reactivate at a later time. Epstein-Barr virus can lead to other illnesses, such as mononucleosis (“mono”), especially in children with a weakened immune system.

Causes

The Epstein-Barr virus is usually spread through bodily fluids, such as saliva.

Symptoms

In many cases, children with this condition have no symptoms. When they do appear, signs and symptoms of Epstein-Barr virus may include:

  • Enlarged spleen
  • Fatigue (extreme tiredness)
  • Fever
  • Inflamed throat
  • Rash
  • Swollen liver
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck

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