Pediatric Epstein-Barr Virus (Herpesvirus 4)
Epstein-Barr virus is one of the most common viruses worldwide and can lead to various other illnesses.
Epstein-Barr virus (also known as herpesvirus 4) is very common. Most people become infected with Epstein-Barr virus at some point in their lives – and many will never know they have it. This is because the virus can remain dormant in the body, but can reactivate at a later time. Epstein-Barr virus can lead to other illnesses, such as mononucleosis (“mono”), especially in children with a weakened immune system.
The Epstein-Barr virus is usually spread through bodily fluids, such as saliva.
In many cases, children with this condition have no symptoms. When they do appear, signs and symptoms of Epstein-Barr virus may include:
- Enlarged spleen
- Fatigue (extreme tiredness)
- Inflamed throat
- Swollen liver
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck