Dyslexia

Dyslexia

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Summary

Dyslexia is a learning disability that makes it difficult for a child to learn how to read, write and spell.

Expanded overview

Dyslexia occurs because a child’s brain jumbles or mixes up letters and words. This makes it hard for them to learn how to read, write and spell. Having this condition doesn’t mean that your child’s ability to learn is below normal. On the contrary, many children with dyslexia are very bright. They just have to work harder and learn strategies to cope with their condition.

Causes

Dyslexia is often hereditary, meaning that it runs in families.

Symptoms

Symptoms in children younger than age 5

Signs and symptoms of dyslexia in children before they start school include:

  • Delay in talking
  • Problems following directions that have multiple steps
  • Problems rhyming words
  • Slow to learn new words

Symptoms in children age 5 and older (school-age)

Signs and symptoms of dyslexia in children once they have started school include:

  • Getting small words confused, such as “at” and “to”
  • Difficulty reading a single word, such as on a flash card
  • Problems linking letters with sounds
  • Writing letters in reverse, such as “b” for “d”
  • Writing words backward, such as “pit” for “tip”

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