Oct 3, 2013
Young Athletes: Bumps, Bruises, Twists and Muscle Strains
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends young athletes limit training in one sport to a maximum of five days a week, with at least one day off from organized physical activity.
While a day of rest, using the correct gear, staying hydrated and following coaches rules will go a long way in keeping your young athlete safe; bumps, bruises, twists and muscle strains can affect all areas of the body.
Treatment for Bumps, Bruises, Twists & Muscle Strains
The recommended treatment response is the PRICE formula:
- Protect the area with a sling or crutches, if necessary.
- Rest the injured area.
- Ice the injury for 20 minutes at a time. Do not apply the ice directly to the skin.
- Compress the injured area with a wrap. Do not pull tightly, as this can cut off circulation.
- Elevate the injured area above the heart, if possible.
When to Go to the Doctor
Athletes should see a pediatrician or pediatric sports medicine physician if any of these symptoms are present:
- Limping lasting more than 48 hours
- Soft tissue swelling that gets worse the next day despite ice and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication such as Motrin®
- Effusion — Mobile soft tissue swelling on both sides of a joint, often easily seen at the knee or ankle
- Pain that returns quickly with activity at the next session or is not gone after two weeks of forced rest