John Stafford Hutton, MD $$


Associate Professor at UT Southwestern Medical Center

Languages Spoken:
UT Southwestern Pediatric Group

Education and Training

Medical School
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine (1998)
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (2010), Pediatrics
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (2000), Pediatrics
Graduate School
University of Cincinnati (2015)
Board Certification
American Board of Pediatrics
  • Research Interests

    • Digital media use during early childhood
    • Emergent literacy development
    • Emergent numeracy development
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging and early brain development
    • Pediatric health literacy promotion
    • Promoting interactive reading beginning in infancy
    • Reading and literacy promotion during pediatric primary care
  • Publications

    • Hank the Heart - (2020). blue manatee press
    • Billie the Brain - (2023). blue manatee press
    • You CAN Read to Me! - (Ed.) (2024). blue manatee press
    • Baby Bookworm - (2020). blue manatee press
    • COMPARTIR Este Libro - (2023). blue manatee press
    • La Casa de la Lectura (Reading House) - (2021). blue manatee press
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, DeWitt T, Horowitz-Kraus T. Associations between digital media use and brain surface structural measures in preschool-aged children. Sci Rep. 2022 Nov 9;12(1):19095. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-20922-0. PMID: 36351968; PMCID: PMC9645312. 
    • Meri R, Hutton J, Farah R, DiFrancesco M, Gozman L, Horowitz-Kraus T. Higher access to screens is related to decreased functional connectivity between neural networks associated with basic attention skills and cognitive control in children. Child Neuropsychol. 2022 Aug 11:1-20. doi: 10.1080/09297049.2022.2110577. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35957604.
    • Hutton JS, Huang G, Crosh C, DeWitt T, Ittenbach RF. Shared reading with infants: SharePR a novel measure of shared reading quality. Pediatr Res. 2022 Jul 19. doi: 10.1038/s41390-022-02178-6. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35854086.
    • Crosh C, Hutton J, Szumlas G, Xu Y, Beck A, Riley C. (2022). Inequities in Public Library Branch Access and Children's Book Circulation in a Midwestern American City. The International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion (IJIDI). 6. 10.33137/ijidi.v6i4.38127.
    • Monteiro R, Fernandes S, Hutton JS, Huang G, Ittenbach RF, Rocha NB. Psychometric properties of the ScreenQ for measuring digital media use in Portuguese young children. Acta Paediatr. 2022 Jun 1. doi: 10.1111/apa.16439. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35648466.
    • Crosh CC, Barsella A, Van Slambrouck L, Notario PM, Li Y, Parsons AA, Hutton JS. Exploratory Mixed-Methods Study of a Primary Care-Based Intervention Promoting Shared Reading During Infancy. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2022 Jul;61(7):475-484. doi: 10.1177/00099228221085825. Epub 2022 Apr 6. PMID: 35383480.
    • Perazzo D, Moore R, Kasparian NA, Rodts M, Horowitz-Kraus T, Crosby L, Turpin B, Beck AF, Hutton J. Chronic pediatric diseases and risk for reading difficulties: a narrative review with recommendations. Pediatr Res. 2022 Feb 4. doi: 10.1038/s41390-022-01934-y. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35121848.
    • Greenwood P, Dudley J, Hutton J, DiFrancesco M, Farah R, Horowitz-Kraus T. Higher maternal education is related to negative functional connectivity between attention system networks and reading-related regions in children with reading difficulties compared to typical readers. Brain Res. 2021. PMID: 34033755
    • Hutton JS, Perazzo D, Boldt M, Leonard AC, Kelly E. Safe sleep and reading guidance during prenatal care? findings from a pilot trial using specially designed children's books. Journal of perinatology. Oct 20 2021. PMID: 34671101.
    • Farah R, Dudley J, Hutton JS, Greenwood P, Holland S, Horowitz-Kraus T. Maternal depression is associated with decreased functional connectivity within semantics and phonology networks in preschool children. Depress Anxiety. Aug 2021;38(8):826-835. PMID: 34010495
    • Martin KJ, Beck AF, Xu Y, Szumlas GA, Hutton JS, Crosh CC, et al. Shared Reading and Risk of Social-Emotional Problems. Pediatrics. 2021. PMID: 34889450
    • Farah R, Zivan M, Niv L, Havron N, Hutton J, Horowitz-Kraus T. High screen use by children aged 12-36 months during the first COVID-19 lockdown was associated with parental stress and screen use. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992). Jun 10 2021. PMID: 34110031
    • Hutton JS, Huang G, Wiley C, DeWitt T, Ittenbach RF. Randomized Trial of a Mobile App Introduced During Well-Visits to Enhance Guidance for Reading With Young Children. Acad Pediatr. May 19 2021. PMID: 34020099
    • Hutton JS, DeWitt T, Hoffman L, Horowitz-Kraus T, Klass P. Development of an Eco-Biodevelopmental Model of Emergent Literacy Before Kindergarten: A Review. JAMA pediatrics. Mar 15 2021. PMID: 33720328
    • Jain V, Kessler C, Lacina L, Szumlas G, Crosh C, Hutton J, Needlman R, Dewitt T. Increasing parental reading behaviors in high-risk NICU infants. J Pediatr. Jan 13 2021. PMID: 33453203
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Huang G, Horowitz-Kraus T, DeWitt T, Holland SK. Validation of The Reading House and Association With Cortical Thickness. Pediatrics. Feb 4 2021. Also Video Abstract, featured online.   PMID: 33542146
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T. Science Has Not Proven That Screen Use Impacts Children's Brain Development-Reply. JAMA Pediatrics. Aug 1 2020;174(8):805-807. PMID: 32744635
    • Hutton JS. Early Career Investigator Biocommentary - June. Pediatr Res. Jun 2020;87(7):1150. PMID: 32218516
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T. Potential Association of Screen Use With Brain Development in Preschool-Aged Children-Reply. JAMA Pediatrics. May 11 2020. PMID: 32391866
    • Horowitz-Kraus T, DiFrancesco M, Greenwood P, Scott E, Vannest J, Hutton J, Dudley J, Altaye M, Farah R. Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. Sep 4 2020. PMID: 32886231
    • Farah R, Dudley J, Hutton J, Horowitz-Kraus T. Maternal reading and fluency abilities are associated with diffusion properties of ventral and dorsal white matter tracts in their preschool-age children. Brain Cogn. Apr 2020;140:105532. PMID: 32007789
    • Farah R, Greenwood P, Dudley J, Hutton J, Ammerman RT, Phelan, K, Holland, S, Horowitz-Kraus T. Maternal depression is associated with altered functional connectivity between neural circuits related to visual, auditory, and cognitive processing during stories listening in preschoolers. Behav Brain Funct. Apr 27 2020;16(1):5. PMID: 32340619
    • Kraus D, Vannest J, Arya R, Hutton JS, Leach JL, Mangano FT, Tenney JR, Byars AW, DeWitt TG, Horowitz-Kraus T. Reading in children with drug-resistant epilepsy was related to functional connectivity in cognitive control regions. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). Jan 30 2020. PMID: 31999871
    • Klass P, Hutton JS, DeWitt TG. Literacy as a Distinct Developmental Domain in Children. JAMA Pediatrics. May 1 2020;174(5):407-408. PMID: 32227156
    • Hutton JS, Huang G, Sahay RD, DeWitt T, Ittenbach RF. A novel, composite measure of screen-based media use in young children (ScreenQ) and associations with parenting practices and cognitive abilities. Pediatr Res. Jun 2020;87(7):1211-1218. PMID: 32050256
    • Zivan M, Bar S, Jing X, Hutton J, Farah R, Horowitz-Kraus T. Screen-exposure and altered brain activation related to attention in preschool children: An EEG study. Trends in Neuroscience and Education. 2019;17. PMID: 31685126
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T, DeWitt T, Holland SK. Associations between home literacy environment, brain white matter integrity and cognitive abilities in preschool-age children. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). Dec 18, 2019. PMID: 31854046
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T, DeWitt T, Holland SK. Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in Preschool-Aged Children. JAMA pediatrics. Nov 4 2019:e193869. PMID: 31682712
    • Farah R, Meri R, Kadis DS, Hutton J, DeWitt T, Horowitz-Kraus T. Hyperconnectivity during screen-based stories listening is associated with lower narrative comprehension in preschool children exposed to screens vs dialogic reading: An EEG study. PLoS One. 2019;14(11):e0225445. PMID: 31756207
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T, DeWitt T, Holland SK. Functional Connectivity of Attention, Visual, and Language Networks During Audio, Illustrated, and Animated Stories in Preschool-Age Children. Brain Connect. Jul 1, 2019. PMID: 31144523
    • Hutton JS, Lin L, Kerr A, Horowitz-Kraus T, DeWitt T, Justice L. The Reading House: A Children’s Book for Emergent Literacy Screening During Well-Child Visits. Pediatrics. June 2019;143(6). PMID: 31147486.  Also Video Abstract, featured online
    • Eismann EA, Pearl ES, Theuerling J, Folger AT, Hutton JS, Makoroff K. Feasibility Study of the Calm Baby Gently Program: an Educational Baby Book Intervention on Safe Practices Related to Infant Crying. Child Abuse Negl. Mar 2019;89:135-142. PMID: 30658174
    • Greenwood P, Hutton J, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T (2018). Maternal reading fluency is positively associated with greater functional connectivity between the child’s future reading network and regions related to executive functions and language processing in preschool-age children. Brain Cogn. Apr 2019;131:87-93. PMID: 29316485
    • Hutton JS, Dudley J, Horowitz-Kraus T, DeWitt T and Holland SK (2018). Differences in Functional Brain Network Connectivity During Stories Presented in Audio, Illustrated, and Animated Format in Preschool-Age Children. Brain Imaging and Behavior. Epub ahead of print, October, 2018. doi:10.1007/s11682-018-9985-y.  PMID:30377932.
    • Hutton JS, Huang G, Phelan KJ, DeWitt T, Ittenbach RF. Shared reading quality assessment by parental report: preliminary validation of the DialogPR. BMC Pediatr. 2018 Oct 18;18(1):330. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-1298-1. PMID:30336785
    • Horowitz-Kraus T, Hutton JS, Phelan K, Holland, SK. Maternal reading fluency is positively associated with greater functional connectivity between the child's future reading network and regions related to executive functions and language processing in preschool-age children. Brain Conn. Mar 2018;121:17-23. doi: 10.1016/j.bandc.2018.01.003. PMID:29316485.
    • Horowitz-Kraus T and Hutton JS. Brain connectivity in children is increased by the time they spend reading books and decreased by the length of exposure to screen-based media. Acta Paediatr.  Dec 2017; doi: 10.1111/apa.14176 PMID: 29215151
    • Hutton JS, Phelan K, DeWitt T, Horowitz-Kraus T, Altaye M, Dudley J, Holland, SK. Shared Reading Quality and Brain Activation During Story Listening in Preschool-Age Children. Journal of Pediatrics.  Dec 2017;191:204-211.e201. PMID: 29173308
    • Hutton JS, Lin L, Gruber R, Berndsen J, DeWitt T, Van Ginkel JB, Ammerman R. Shared Reading and Television Across the Perinatal Period in Low-SES Households. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 Oct 1:9922817737077. doi: 10.1177/0009922817737077. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29067842
    • Hutton JS, Gupta R, Gruber R, Berndsen J, DeWitt T, Ollberding NJ, et al. A Randomized Trial of a Children's Book Versus Brochures for Safe Sleep Knowledge and Adherence in a High-Risk Population. Acad Pediatr. 2017 Nov - Dec;17(8):879-886. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2017.04.018. Epub 2017 Apr 24.  PMID: 28450082
    • Hutton JS, Phelan K, Horowitz-Kraus T, Dudley J, Altaye M, DeWitt T, et al. Story time turbocharger? Child engagement during shared reading and cerebellar activation and connectivity in preschool-age children listening to stories. PLoS One. 2017;12(5):e0177398. PMID: 28562619
    • Horowitz-Kraus T, Schmitz R, Hutton JS, Schumacher J. How to create a successful reader? Milestones in reading development from birth to adolescence. Acta Paediatr. Apr;106(4):534-544. doi: 10.1111/apa.13738. Epub 2017 Feb 9. PMID: 28067419
    • Hutton JS, Horowitz-Kraus T, Mendelsohn AL, DeWitt T, Holland SK. Home Reading Environment and Brain Activation in Preschool Children Listening to Stories. Pediatrics. 2015 Sep;136(3):466-78. PubMed PMID: 26260716. 
    • Horowitz-Kraus T and Hutton JS. From emergent literacy to reading: how learning to read changes a child's brain. Acta Paediatr. 2015 Jul;104(7):648-56. PubMed PMID: 25847632. 
    • Hutton JS. Baby unplugged: a novel, market-based approach to reducing screen time and promoting healthy alternatives. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013 Jan;52(1):62-5. PubMed PMID: 23172903.
  • Professional Activities

    • Academic Pediatric Association
    • American Academy of Pediatrics
    • American Board of Pediatrics
    • Texas Pediatric Society
  • Awards and Honors

    • Mission Innovation Award. “Hank the Heart.” Cincinnati Children’s Innovation Ventures and the Cincinnati Children’s Research Foundation (2024)
    • Featured Research: Annual Report - Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (MRI and screen time). (2022)
    • Early Career Investigator (ECI) Award - Pediatric Research (journal) (2020)
    • Featured Research: Annual Report - Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (MRI and screen time) (2020)
    • Most Talked About Articles of 2020 - JAMA Pediatrics (journal; MRI and screen time) (2020)
    • The Most Popular Stories of 2020 - The American Academy of Pediatrics Daily Briefing (MRI and reading) (2020)
    • Top Downloaded Paper 2018-2019 - Journal: Acta Paediatrica. MRI and reading. (2020)

Where I Provide Care: