Pediatric Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is a procedure that allows surgical access to the abdominal and pelvic cavities via a number of small incisions or ports. Surgeons performing laparoscopic surgery create small incisions, then insert trocars into the abdomen. Surgical instruments are then introduced into the body via the trocars, allowing the surgeon to perform the procedure.
Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into the patient’s abdomen through the incision. The gas lifts the abdominal wall, allowing adequate space in which the surgeon can work. The surgical team can observe the interior of the abdomen in detail through a small video camera also threaded in place.
A variety of procedures, such as colon surgery (colectomy) and gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy) are typically conducted using laparoscopic procedures. Some surgeries involving the stomach and spleen may be candidates for laparoscopic techniques.
This type of minimally invasive surgery offers the patient many advantages over traditional, open procedures, including a shorter hospital stay and recovery time, as well as less pain and reduced scarring.